Debate: Topic and Outline
>>> 当院論評 Comｍents By Chiba
>>> 本文英訳 Translation By Ishibashi
Bargaining between each country in The 26th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 26) is complicated. Evolution of global supply network, the developed country depends on the stuff that a developing country produced with emitting greenhouse gas. There is a gap between major power such as China and India that take a cautious stance to increase of the discharge reduction of the greenhouse gas and lesser power that one of which is being submerged by rising sea level. Negotiation would not proceed easily.
The developed country presses China and India to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. “ the important thing is the largest emitting country which is not agree (with the goal for prevention of global warming) has an ambition.” French president macron emphasized in the speech at November 1st.
Japan, the U.S and Europe raised the goal of emissions for 30 years after2020. European union raised it 55% from 40% compared 1990. Japan raised it 26% from 46% compared to 2013. The U.S decreased it by 50-52% to 2005. It is almost equal to the indication of intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC). Especially, China, India and Russia which occupy 40% of the world carbon dioxide emissions are under great pressure. According to the international energy agency (IEA), carbon dioxide emissions of China of 2030 would be almost the same of 2020 and emissions of India would increase by 40% with 2020 if they continue the current policy.
Indian prime minister Modi announced that the emissions will be virtually zero in 2070 on 1st. In the largest emitter China, president Xi Jinping did not show up on the conference and clarify expressed its commitment in writing to not change the goal. China appealed that “ the developed country should support developing countries for carrying the measures out smoothly.” The U.S. officials criticized China by name that “China is a country shutting the developing country into fossil fuel-dependent infrastructure and taking duty that cannot last to the developing country for dozens of years.
However, the agreement to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius cannot be accomplished only by putting pressure from the developed country. The globalization increased the responsibility of the developed country to the discharge reduction of the developing country. One of the reasons of the smoothly discharge reduction of the developed countries is that they moved the production base to the developing country.
Also, the calculation method of the discharge of the current greenhouse gas is advantageous to the developed country. Though the discharge of the greenhouse gas at the production stage is counted, that of the consumers side is not considered enough.
In the developed country side, German chancellor Angele Merkel admitted that “it is taking the special responsibility.” Also, the U.S. and Europe announced increasing the fund support. The developed country promised to support 100 billion dollars a year by 2020 on 2009, but it is expected that the achievement is delayed until 2023. The distrust is deep-rooted on the developing country side for “the verbal agreement” of the developing country. Prime minister of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina gave a warning that “the developed country should protect both promises of the fund support for our emission reduction goal and the achieve their own emission reduction goal. The developing country are not cohesive as a group. The islands exposed to the risk of sea level rise raised their voice against China and Russia. Prime minister of Barbados Mia Mottley criticized that “unfortunately, some members needed by COP26 in Glasgow are not participate.”
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